Crystal Chronicles

Gemstones Found In Turkey

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Welcome to our article on the gemstones found in Turkey. From the breathtaking beauty of precious stones to the enchanting allure of semi-precious gems, Turkey is a treasure trove of gemstone deposits.

The country’s rich geological diversity and long history of gem mining make it a prominent player in the global gemstone industry.

When it comes to Turkish gemstones, the possibilities are endless. From the sparkling brilliance of diamonds to the vibrant hues of emeralds and sapphires, Turkey offers a wide variety of gemstone varieties that cater to every taste and preference.

Whether you are a jewelry enthusiast, a gemstone collector, or someone looking for unique pieces, Turkish gemstones have something for everyone.

The gemstone industry in Turkey is a significant contributor to the country’s economy. Turkish jewelry, adorned with precious and semi-precious stones, is renowned for its exquisite craftsmanship and design.

Moreover, Turkey’s gemstone exports play a vital role in the global trade of gemstones, showcasing the country’s expertise and contribution to the international market.

Key Takeaways:

  • Turkey is home to diverse and abundant gemstone deposits.
  • Turkish gemstones include both precious and semi-precious stones.
  • The gemstone industry in Turkey contributes to the country’s economy.
  • Turkish jewelry showcases exquisite craftsmanship and design.
  • Turkey is a prominent player in the global gemstone market.

Diaspore Gemstones – The Rarity of Turkey

One of the most well-known gemstones found in Turkey is diaspore. Turkey’s Mugla Province, located in the Aegean Region, is a notable source of this rare gemstone. Diaspore is a color-changing stone that can range from colorless to yellow, pink, or brown.

Gems over 2-3 carats from Turkey may display the trade names Zultanite® and Czarite™. Diaspore’s unique properties and limited availability make it a popular choice in the gemstone industry.

Unusual Gems From Turkey

Turkish purple jade

Turkey is also home to several other unusual gemstones. These gems can be found in various regions of Turkey and have their own distinctive characteristics, adding diversity to the Turkish gemstone industry.


Adamite is a vibrant green gemstone that is often found in Turkey. It is known for its beautiful color and can range from light green to a deeper shade. With its unique hue, adamite is a popular choice for jewelry enthusiasts looking for something a little different.


One of the most unique gems found in Turkey is chalcedony. This gemstone comes in a variety of colors, including striking shades of blue, yellow, and pink. The vibrant colors of chalcedony make it a highly sought-after gemstone in the Turkish market.


Jet is another unusual gemstone that can be found in Turkey. It is a type of fossilized wood that has been used in jewelry and decorative items for centuries. Jet is known for its intense black color and beautiful luster, making it a visually striking gemstone.


Powellite is a rare gemstone that is found in limited quantities in Turkey. It is known for its yellow to orange color and is often used as a collector’s stone. Powellite’s unique color and rarity make it a prized gemstone among collectors and enthusiasts.

Turkish Purple Jade

Turkish purple jade, also known as turkiyenite, is a rare and beautiful gemstone found in Turkey’s Bursa province. It is characterized by its lavender and purple hues, resembling the renowned imperial jade.

Turkish purple jade is highly valued for its mesmerizing color and is believed to possess healing properties.

Unusual Gems From Turkey

AdamiteVibrant GreenVarious Regions
ChalcedonyVarious ColorsVarious Regions
JetIntense BlackVarious Regions
PowelliteYellow to OrangeVarious Regions
Turkish Purple JadeLavender and PurpleBursa Province
Unusual Gems From Turkey

These unusual gems from Turkey showcase the country’s diverse range of gemstone offerings.

Whether you’re drawn to the vibrant colors of chalcedony, the intense black of jet, or the rare beauty of Turkish purple jade, these gems add a touch of uniqueness to any gemstone collection.

Zultanite – The Color-Changing Gemstone

Zultanite Gemstone

Zultanite, also known as csarite or sultanite, is a rare gemstone found exclusively in Turkey.

Named after the Ottoman sultans, Zultanite is highly prized for its remarkable color-changing properties. This stunning gemstone is primarily sourced from the Ilbir Mountains in Turkey’s Muğla province.

Zultanite captivates with its yellow-greenish hue, but its magic lies in its ability to transform into mesmerizing reddish-pink or purple shades when exposed to different lighting conditions.

This natural phenomenon creates a captivating play of colors that makes Zultanite truly unique and sought after in the gemstone world.

Properties of Zultanite

  • Color Range: Yellow-greenish, reddish-pink, purple
  • Mineral Composition: Diaspore
  • Hardness: 6.5 – 7 on the Mohs scale
  • Transparency: Transparent to translucent

Zultanite’s exquisite color-changing ability is attributed to its mineral composition, diaspore. Under varying light sources, the crystal structure of diaspore interacts with the light, leading to the captivating transformation of colors seen in Zultanite.

When exposed to daylight or fluorescent light, Zultanite displays its classic yellow-greenish hue.

However, in incandescent light or candlelight, it transitions into enchanting reddish-pink tones. Under low light or LED lighting, Zultanite can shift further, revealing striking purple hues.

The mesmerizing color variations of Zultanite make it a truly remarkable and prized gemstone among collectors and jewelry enthusiasts. Its rarity, coupled with its natural beauty, has made Zultanite a gemstone of desire.

Primary SourceIlbir Mountains, Muğla province
ClarityEye-clean to slightly included
Market ValueHigh due to rarity and color-changing properties
Properties of Zultanite

Zultanite is not only renowned for its beauty but also for its association with the rich history and culture of Turkey. Named after the Ottoman sultans, this gemstone symbolizes the opulence and elegance of the Ottoman Empire.

Whether adorning a piece of jewelry or displayed as a collector’s gem, Zultanite continues to capture hearts with its alluring colors and unique allure. Its scarcity and breathtaking transformation make Zultanite a true gemstone treasure from the Turkish lands.

Blue Chalcedony – A Rare Find from Eskişehir’s Sarıcakaya

blue chalcedony

Blue chalcedony is a rare variety of chalcedony that can be found in the Sarıcakaya region of Eskişehir, Turkey.

This exquisite gemstone features captivating grayish to purple-blue hues, making it highly sought after by gemstone enthusiasts. Its unique color and translucent appearance add to its beauty and charm.

Blue chalcedony is more than just a visually stunning gemstone. It is believed to possess metaphysical properties that promote kindness and compassion.

This gemstone is associated with relieving hostility and irritability, fostering a sense of peace and understanding. Blue chalcedony is known to inspire empathy, encouraging acts of love and compassion towards others.

In addition to its emotional and spiritual attributes, blue chalcedony is also attributed with various physical benefits. It is believed to have a positive impact on blood circulation, promoting overall health and well-being.

Blue chalcedony is also associated with enhancing memory and improving speech, making it a favorite among students, public speakers, and individuals seeking mental clarity.

Discover the enchanting allure of blue chalcedony, a rare gemstone that combines beauty, kindness, and compassion. Let its soothing energies and captivating hues bring a sense of tranquility and harmony into your life.

Agate – Turkey’s Unique Gemstone


Agate, known as “akik” in Turkish, is a gemstone found in Turkey in various variations such as tree agate and tube agate. Formed within volcanic rocks and lava beds, agate is a mix of chalcedony and quartz and comes in a variety of colors.

One of the most famous agates in Turkey is the çubuk agate from Ankara.

Agate is known for its calming properties and is believed to help with sleep disorders, calm the nerves, and transform negativity.

Discover the beauty and healing properties of agate, a truly unique gemstone found in Turkey.

Turkish Agate Varieties

Agate VarietyDescriptionColors
Tree AgateFeatures moss-like patterns resembling tree branchesGreen, brown
Tube AgateHas banding patterns resembling tubes or cylindersVarious colors
Çubuk AgateNamed after the çubuk district in AnkaraRed, brown, white
Turkish Agate Varieties

Experience the unique appeal of agate jewelry and explore the diverse agate varieties from Turkey.

Turkish Purple Jade – A Rare and Beautiful Gemstone

Turkish purple jade

Nestled in Turkey’s Bursa province lies a precious treasure – Turkish purple jade, also known as turkiyenite. This stunning gemstone boasts a mesmerizing lavender and purple hue, making it a true rarity in the world of gemstones.

With its exquisite coloration and unique properties, Turkish purple jade stands out as one of the most sought-after gemstones.

Characterized by its enchanting shades of purple, Turkish purple jade is a form of jadeite, a mineral prized for its timeless beauty.

The Bursa province in Turkey serves as the exclusive source of this captivating gemstone, adding to its allure and scarcity. Known as imperial jade, Turkish purple jade holds a special place among the gemstone enthusiasts.

Beyond its aesthetic appeal, Turkish purple jade is believed to possess extraordinary healing properties. This gemstone is renowned for its detoxifying effects on the body, helping to cleanse and purify.

It is also said to calm the nerves, providing a sense of tranquility and balance. Moreover, Turkish purple jade is associated with boosting the immune system, enhancing overall well-being.

In addition to its healing properties, Turkish purple jade is often regarded as a talisman for good luck, love, and prosperity. Wearing this exquisite gemstone can invite positive energy and blessings, making it a cherished adornment for many.

The Healing Powers of Turkish Purple Jade:

  • Detoxifies the body
  • Calms the nerves
  • Boosts the immune system
  • Invites good luck, love, and prosperity

Embrace the captivating beauty and beneficial properties of Turkish purple jade, a true gemstone rarity from the enchanting land of Turkey. Discover the allure of this magnificent gem and experience its healing energies for yourself.

Gemstones and Natural Stones in Turkey’s Commercial Industry


Turkey’s natural stone industry extends beyond gemstones, encompassing a wide range of commercial stones.

These include coveted materials such as granite, travertine, onyx stones, conglomerate, and breccia. Each of these stones has its unique characteristics and applications, contributing to Turkey’s flourishing stone industry.

One of the most sought-after stones in Turkey is granite. Renowned for its stunning appearance, durability, and resistance to erosion, Turkish granite is highly regarded in the international market.

It is commonly used for high-end countertops, flooring, and a variety of construction projects.

Travertine, another prominent natural stone in Turkey, finds extensive usage in various applications. Its versatility makes it suitable for flooring, countertops, fireplaces, and even exterior cladding. With its distinct natural patterning, travertine adds elegance and charm to any space.

Onyx stones, known for their diverse range of colors and luxurious appearance, are widely utilized in the Turkish stone industry.

These stones are often employed in creating exquisite tiles, vanities, and opulent pool designs. The translucent properties of onyx stones allow for captivating light transmission, further enhancing their allure.

Conglomerate and breccia naturally occurring sedimentary stones that offer a unique and eye-catching aesthetic.

These stones are frequently utilized as coating materials, providing a dramatic and visually striking finish. The patterns and colors found in conglomerate and breccia are distinctive, adding sophistication to architectural designs.

All of these commercial stones contribute to Turkey’s thriving stone industry, catering to both the domestic and international markets.

The country’s expertise in quarrying and processing these natural stones has bolstered its reputation as a reliable source in the global stone market.

As seen in the image above, Turkish granite exhibits its stunning variation and enduring quality.


Turkey’s gemstone industry is a true treasure trove, offering a dazzling array of Turkish gemstones and natural stones. With its rich deposits and advanced production techniques, Turkey has established itself as a major player in the global gemstone market.

The country’s gemstone industry not only fuels the thriving jewelry sector but also contributes significantly to the economy through gemstone exports.

From the extraordinary color-changing Zultanite to the rare and exotic Turkish purple jade, Turkey has something to captivate every gemstone enthusiast.

The diversity of gemstones found in Turkey showcases the country’s geological bounty and is a testament to its unique natural resources.

Whether you seek a striking centerpiece or an exquisite gem for everyday wear, Turkish gemstones offer unparalleled beauty and quality.

But the Turkish gemstone industry doesn’t stop at precious gems. The country’s commercial stone sector, with its exceptional materials like granite, travertine, and onyx stones, is highly regarded globally.

These natural stones are known for their durability, aesthetic appeal, and versatility, making them popular choices for a wide range of applications, from architectural projects to interior design.

As you explore Turkey’s gemstone industry, you’ll not only be amazed by its stunning offerings but also become a part of a legacy that stretches back centuries.

Turkish gemstones tell stories of ancient civilizations, intricate craftsmanship, and a deep appreciation for the beauty of nature. So, whether you’re a gemstone collector, jewelry designer, or just a lover of all things beautiful, let Turkey’s gemstones enchant and inspire you.


What are some of the gemstones found in Turkey?

Turkey is known for its diverse range of gemstones, including diaspore, adamite, chalcedony, jet, powellite, and Turkish purple jade.

Where is diaspore gemstone found in Turkey?

Diaspore is primarily found in Turkey’s Mugla Province, located in the Aegean Region.

What are the unique properties of diaspore?

Diaspore is a color-changing gemstone that can range from colorless to yellow, pink, or brown. Gems over 2-3 carats from Turkey may display the trade names Zultanite® and Czarite™.

What is Zultanite?

Zultanite is a rare gemstone found exclusively in Turkey. It is primarily sourced from the Ilbir Mountains in Turkey’s Muğla province and is highly valued for its color-changing properties.

Where can blue chalcedony be found in Turkey?

Blue chalcedony can be found in the Sarıcakaya region of Eskişehir, Turkey.

What are the believed properties of blue chalcedony?

Blue chalcedony is believed to promote feelings of kindness and compassion and is associated with relieving hostility and irritability. It is also believed to have positive effects on blood circulation, memory, and speech.

What is agate?

Agate is a gemstone found in Turkey that comes in various variations such as tree agate and tube agate. It is formed within volcanic rocks and lava beds and is known for its calming properties.

What is Turkish purple jade?

Turkish purple jade, also known as turkiyenite or imperial jade, is a rare variety of lavender and purple-colored jade found in Turkey’s Bursa province.

It is believed to have healing properties and is associated with bringing good luck, love, and prosperity to the wearer.

Which commercial stones are found in Turkey?

Turkey is known for its commercial stones such as granite, travertine, onyx stones, conglomerate, and breccia.

How important is the gemstone industry in Turkey?

The gemstone industry plays a significant role in Turkey’s jewelry industry and economy. Turkey is a major player in the global gemstone market due to its diverse gemstone deposits and advanced production technology.

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Tsar Imperia

Expert Crystal Researcher and alternative medicine practitioner, licensed in medical, and clinical hypnotherapy, yogic instructor, and spiritual guidance counselor for those seeking to transform and expand in consciousness. The journey begins with you : )

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