Crystal Chronicles

Gemstones Found In Tennessee

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Did you know that Tennessee is home to a wealth of natural gemstones, waiting to be discovered?

From the towering mountains to the rolling plains, the state boasts an impressive variety of gemstones that have been unearthed throughout its rich geological history.

Whether you’re a passionate rockhound or an amateur gemstone enthusiast, Tennessee offers a treasure trove of gemstone mining opportunities and rockhounding adventures for all.

Since the early 19th century, when European settlers first stumbled upon valuable gemstones like Garnets and Agates, Tennessee has captivated gemstone hunters with its hidden treasures.

Today, collectors can explore the breathtaking landscapes and diverse terrains, unearthing gems like Rubies, Quartz crystals, and the unique Tennessee River Pearls.

Join us on a fascinating journey as we delve into the world of gemstone hunting in Tennessee, exploring the rich history, geological wonders, and the stunning variety of gemstones that the Volunteer State has to offer.

Key Takeaways:

  • Tennessee is a haven for gemstone enthusiasts, offering a wide range of precious gems waiting to be discovered.
  • The state’s diverse terrain, from mountains to plains, provides abundant opportunities for gemstone mining and rockhounding adventures.
  • Tennessee boasts unique gems like Tennessee River Pearls, Quartz crystals, Horse Mountain Agate, and more, each with its own fascinating characteristics.
  • Gemstone hunting in Tennessee requires responsible collecting practices, respect for the environment, and adhering to obtaining necessary permits.
  • Embark on a journey of exploration and uncover the natural beauty and hidden treasures that Tennessee has to offer!

Tennessee River Pearls

Tennessee River Pearls

The Tennessee River is a renowned destination for pearl hunting, offering a unique opportunity to discover exquisite freshwater pearls.

These beautiful gems are produced by freshwater mussels that inhabit the river and its tributaries. To embark on your pearl hunting adventure, head to the sands and gravels of the Tennessee River and its larger tributaries.

Once you’ve located potential hunting grounds, it’s time to shuck the mussels to find the hidden treasures within.

Tennessee River Pearls come in a stunning range of iridescent shades, including gold, pink, and blue. Their natural beauty and luster make them highly sought after by collectors and jewelry enthusiasts.

Exploring the Tennessee River in search of these prized pearls is an exciting and rewarding experience.

Whether you’re an avid rockhound or simply intrigued by the enchanting world of gemstones, pearl hunting in Tennessee offers a unique opportunity to connect with nature and discover the hidden wonders beneath the river’s surface.

Horse Mountain Agate

Horse Mountain Agate

Tennessee is a haven for rockhounding enthusiasts, offering a myriad of gemstones to discover.

One particularly popular destination is Horse Mountain, located in eastern Tennessee. This picturesque mountain is renowned for its abundant Agate deposits, making it a hotspot for Agate hunting.

Agates are unique gemstones characterized by their small, spherical shape and intricate patterns. At Horse Mountain, the slopes and valleys are teeming with various types of Agate, creating a paradise for rockhounding enthusiasts.

To embark on an Agate-hunting adventure at Horse Mountain, explore the rugged terrains and rocky foothills. These areas are known to yield precious Agate specimens.

Alternatively, head to Richardson’s Landing along the Tennessee River, where Agates often wash up on the riverbanks, offering a convenient opportunity to find these beautiful gems.

Immerse yourself in the natural beauty of Horse Mountain as you search for the captivating Horse Mountain Agate. Marvel at the intricate patterns and vibrant colors that adorn these remarkable gemstones.

Whether you are an experienced rockhound or a novice enthusiast, exploring Horse Mountain’s rich Agate deposits is a memorable experience that will surely deepen your appreciation for the diverse gemstones found in Tennessee.

Quartz Crystals

Tennessee quartz crystals

Quartz crystals can be found in several areas in Tennessee, such as the Unaka Mountains, Cooper’s Diamond Mine, and Copperhill. These crystals are typically buried in the ground and require digging tools like shovels and small picks to unearth.

Tennessee is home to various types of Quartz, including Clear Quartz, which is known for its transparency and glass-like appearance. Quartz crystals are believed to amplify positive thoughts and energy and are often used for meditation and spiritual practices.

Types of Quartz Crystals

Quartz crystals come in different forms and structures, each with its own unique properties. Here are some popular varieties found in Tennessee:

  • Clear Quartz: Transparent and colorless, Clear Quartz is the most common type of Quartz crystal. It is highly sought after for its clarity and ability to enhance spiritual practices.
  • Double-terminated Quartz: These crystals have points on both ends and are highly valued for their ability to transmit and receive energy. Double-terminated Quartz crystals are used for balancing and aligning the chakras.

Here is an image showcasing the mesmerizing beauty of Tennessee quartz crystals:

Comparison of Quartz Crystal Varieties

Quartz Crystal VarietyCharacteristicsProperties
Clear QuartzTransparent and colorlessAmplifies positive energy and thoughts
Double-terminated QuartzHas points on both endsEnhances spiritual practices and balances chakras
Comparison of Quartz Crystal Varieties

When exploring Tennessee for Quartz crystals, make sure to bring appropriate digging tools and explore the designated areas where these crystals are known to occur.

Remember to respect the environment and follow any rules or guidelines set by the responsible authorities.



Unakite is a unique gemstone found in the mountains of eastern Tennessee. It is a type of metamorphosed granite that has been replaced by epidote, giving it a distinct green color.

Unakite can be found in several locations, such as the Roan Mountain, Cranberry Mines, and the Spruce Pine District.

Rockhounding enthusiasts can search for rocks or mineral formations with vibrant green colors to find Unakite. Unakite is believed to enhance one’s power and increase spiritual connections.

Properties of Unakite:

  • Unique green color due to the presence of epidote
  • Metamorphosed granite transformed into a gemstone
  • Believed to enhance personal power
  • Increases spiritual connections and promotes spiritual growth


Tennessee Calcite

Calcite, a mesmerizing gemstone found in Tennessee, captivates both rockhounding enthusiasts and crystal enthusiasts alike. This stone is abundant in locations such as Ben Lomond Mountain and Boatland.

When embarking on a search for Tennessee Calcite, it’s crucial to equip yourself with the right tools for a successful rockhounding experience. A rock hammer, chisels, and safety goggles are essential to ensure both safety and efficiency.

Tennessee Calcite exhibits a wide range of hues, including pristine white, sunny yellow, and even soothing green. Its vibrant colors add vibrancy and allure to any mineral collection.

Handle Calcite with care, as it is a delicate crystal that merits gentle treatment. Its fragile nature only adds to its intrinsic beauty and delicacy.

Calcite possesses properties that promote a calm and serene mind, making it an ideal crystal for reducing stress and promoting relaxation.

Calcite VarietiesColorProperties
White CalciteWhiteEnhances clarity and mental focus
Honey CalciteGolden yellowSupports confidence and personal power
Green CalciteGreenAids in emotional healing and balance
Calcite Varieties


Tennessee Celestite

Celestite, a stunning crystal, can be found in Tennessee at locations like Ben Lomond Mountain and Boatland. Celestite is often found in geodes, which are spherical rock formations with a hollow interior.

Collectors should look for small to medium-sized geodes with a rough shell and a somewhat spherical form. These geodes can be cracked open with a rock hammer or chisel to reveal the beautiful blue Celestite crystals inside.

Celestite is known for its calming and soothing energy, promoting stress reduction and enhancing spiritual connections.

Celestite PropertiesDetails
ColorBeautiful blue
EnergyCalming and soothing
Spiritual ConnectionsEnhances spiritual connections
UsageStress reduction, meditation
Celestite Properties

Additional Gemstones in Tennessee

In addition to the previously mentioned gemstones, Tennessee is home to a wide array of other gemstones.

These include Azurite, Garnet, Pyrite, Staurolite, Jasper, and more. Azurite can be found in Copperhill and is believed to enhance intuition and reduce stress.

Garnets and Rubies can be found in the mountains, while Jasper can be found throughout the state.

Pyrite is often found in geodes, and Staurolite is known for its unique cross-shaped crystals. Tennessee offers a diverse range of gemstones for collectors to discover.

AzuriteCopperhillEnhances intuition, reduces stress
Garnet/RubyMountainsVarious colors, believed to enhance energy and passion
JasperThroughout the stateVarious colors, promotes grounding and stability
PyriteFound in geodesGolden color, known as “Fool’s Gold”, symbolizes wealth and abundance
StauroliteFound in various locationsUnique cross-shaped crystals, associated with luck and protection
Gemstone Properties

Explore Tennessee’s rich geological landscape and uncover the hidden treasures of these gemstones.


Tennessee is a treasure trove for rockhounding enthusiasts looking to discover gemstones. With its rich geological history and diverse terrain, the state offers a wealth of opportunities for gemstone hunting in Tennessee.

From the shimmering Tennessee River Pearls to the captivating Horse Mountain Agate, and the mesmerizing Quartz crystals found in various locations, Tennessee boasts a wide range of gemstone varieties waiting to be discovered.

Exploring Tennessee’s breathtaking landscapes and searching for these natural treasures requires responsible rockhounding practices.

It is important to respect the environment, obtain any necessary permits, and follow guidelines for collecting gemstones.

By doing so, you can ensure that future generations of rockhounding enthusiasts can also enjoy the thrill of finding Tennessee gemstones and experience the beauty the state has to offer.

So, if you have a passion for rockhounding and want to embark on an exciting adventure, Tennessee is the perfect destination for your gemstone hunting journey. Get ready to uncover the hidden gems that lie within the state’s rivers, mountains, and mines.

Whether you are an experienced collector or a beginner, the world of Tennessee rockhounding awaits, promising endless excitement and the chance to add stunning gemstone specimens to your collection.

Start planning your gemstone hunting trip to Tennessee today and let the thrill of discovery unfold!


What gemstones can be found in Tennessee?

Some of the gemstones found in Tennessee include Tennessee River Pearls, Quartz, Agate, Unakite, Calcite, Celestite, Garnet, Rubies, Azurite, Pyrite, Staurolite, Jasper, and more.

Where can I find Tennessee River Pearls?

Tennessee River Pearls can be found in the sands and gravels of the Tennessee River and its larger tributaries. Mussels found in the river produce these freshwater pearls.

Where is the best place to hunt for Agate in Tennessee?

Horse Mountain in eastern Tennessee is a renowned hotspot for Agate hunting. Agates can also be found at Richardson’s Landing along the Tennessee River.

Which areas in Tennessee are known for Quartz crystals?

Quartz crystals can be found in the Unaka Mountains, Cooper’s Diamond Mine, and Copperhill. These crystals are typically buried in the ground and require digging tools to unearth.

Where can I find Unakite in Tennessee?

Unakite can be found in the mountains of eastern Tennessee, including locations like Roan Mountain, Cranberry Mines, and the Spruce Pine District.

What tools do I need to collect Calcite in Tennessee?

When searching for Calcite in Tennessee, it is important to have the right tools, such as a rock hammer, chisels, and safety goggles.

Where can I find Celestite in Tennessee?

Celestite can be found in locations like Ben Lomond Mountain and Boatland. It is often found in geodes that can be cracked open to reveal the beautiful blue crystals inside.

What are some other gemstones found in Tennessee?

In addition to the mentioned gemstones, Tennessee is home to various other gemstones like Garnet, Rubies, Azurite, Pyrite, Staurolite, and Jasper.

How can I start rockhounding in Tennessee?

To start rockhounding in Tennessee, it is important to respect the environment, obtain necessary permits, and practice responsible collecting.

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Tsar Imperia

Expert Crystal Researcher and alternative medicine practitioner, licensed in medical, and clinical hypnotherapy, yogic instructor, and spiritual guidance counselor for those seeking to transform and expand in consciousness. The journey begins with you : )

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