Crystal Chronicles

Gemstones Found In Iran

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Iran is a treasure trove for enthusiasts and collectors of gemstones.

The country’s rich and diverse geological makeup has gifted it with an abundance of precious and semi-precious gemstones, making it a prominent player in the international gemstone market.

From stunning turquoise to vibrant garnets, Iran offers a wide variety of gemstones that are highly coveted by jewelry designers and gemstone enthusiasts alike.

The history of gemstone mining in Iran dates back centuries, with records of gemstone discoveries and exploitation found throughout its rich cultural heritage.

With a keen eye for quality and craftsmanship, Persian gemstones have earned a reputation for their unique beauty, vibrant colors, and exceptional quality.

Iranian gemstones are not limited to only precious gems but also encompass a vast array of semi-precious gemstones. These gems offer an affordable yet equally alluring alternative for those seeking to add a touch of elegance to their jewelry collection.

The gemstone industry in Iran is highly regarded, providing significant economic opportunities for the country.

Numerous gemstone mining operations are spread across different regions, ensuring a steady supply of natural gemstones for both local and international markets.

Whether you are an avid gemstone collector, a jewelry enthusiast, or simply appreciate the natural beauty and historical significance of gemstones, exploring the gemstone wonders of Iran is an experience like no other.

Key Takeaways:

  • Iran is home to a wide variety of gemstones, both precious and semi-precious.
  • The gemstone industry in Iran has a rich history and cultural significance.
  • Iranian gemstones are known for their exceptional quality and vibrant colors.
  • From turquoise to garnets, Iran offers a diverse range of gemstones for collectors and jewelry enthusiasts.
  • Exploring the gemstone wonders of Iran allows you to appreciate the natural beauty and historical significance of these precious stones.

Garnet Stone

When it comes to precious gemstones, Iranian stones hold a special place, and the garnet is no exception. Iran has become a notable miner of green garnet, also known as demantoid.

While Russia was traditionally the primary source for this stunning stone, Iran has emerged as another important producer.

With its distinct green hue, the most valuable green garnets come in shades of light green, while darker green stones are also available.

One of the iconic locations in Iran known for its green garnets is the Kerman Tower Garden.

This site attracts collectors from around the world, who are captivated by the allure of these unique gems. Nigerian garnets are also highly valued in the gemstone world.

Green garnets possess a radiance and luster that rival other precious gems like ruby, emerald, diamond, and peridot. Their rarity adds to their allure, and they are highly sought after by gemstone enthusiasts and jewelry connoisseurs.

Kerman Garnet

Kerman garnet contributes to Iran’s esteemed reputation as a producer of exceptional gemstones. These garnets, known for their vibrant green color, are highly sought after for their rarity and distinct beauty.

The Kerman Tower Garden, with its rich deposit of green garnets, has played a significant role in Iran’s gemstone industry, captivating both locals and global collectors.

Nigerian Garnet

Nigerian garnets are another noteworthy variety of green garnet that holds great value. The country’s garnets possess a unique charm and allure, making them highly sought after in the international market.

Garnet StoneDescription
Kerman GarnetA vibrant green garnet variety found in the Kerman Tower Garden, Iran. Known for its rarity and exceptional beauty.
Nigerian GarnetA distinctive green garnet variety from Nigeria, highly valued in the gemstone market.
Garnet Stone

With their captivating color and unique properties, garnet stones, particularly green garnets, continue to captivate gemstone enthusiasts and collectors worldwide.

As Iran establishes its presence as a significant producer of green garnets, these precious gems are poised to shine even brighter in the world of gemstones.


Neyshabur Turquoise

Iran is a significant source of turquoise, particularly Neyshabur turquoise, which is considered one of the finest and highest quality turquoises in the world.

The stone’s colors range from blue to green, with dark blue and uniform turquoise commanding higher prices.

Turquoise is also mined in other countries, but Neyshabur turquoise holds greater value. Other regions in Iran, such as Damghan and Kerman, also have turquoise deposits.

RegionTurquoise Mines
NeyshaburLocated in northeastern Iran, Neyshabur is famous for its high-quality turquoise.
DamghanLocated in Semnan Province, Damghan is known for its turquoise mining activities.
KermanKerman Province is another region in Iran where turquoise can be found.
Turquoise Mines

Turquoise Mining in Iran

Turquoise mining is an important industry in Iran, with various regions contributing to the country’s overall production.

The mining process involves extracting the turquoise from the earth, followed by cleaning, cutting, and polishing the stones for use in jewelry and other applications.

Iran’s turquoise industry showcases the country’s rich cultural heritage and craftsmanship, attracting both domestic and international buyers.

Agate Stone

Agate Stone

Agate is a beautiful semi-precious Iranian stone that belongs to the quartz family. Iran is renowned for its rich agate deposits, offering a wide range of vibrant colors and patterns.

From black and gray to white, yellow, red, green, and light blue, agate presents an exquisite display of natural beauty.

The Baig mine, located in the Khorasan Razavi province, and the Bamrud mine in South Khorasan are well-known sources of agate in Iran. These mines yield high-quality agate stones that are prized for their unique characteristics.

Agate stones are revered for their mesmerizing banding patterns and translucency. When cut and polished, this semi-precious gemstone shimmers with elegance, making it a popular choice for jewelry and decorative purposes.

Agate is formed from layers of silica, resulting in its distinctive layered appearance. Silica, a mineral abundant in the Earth’s crust, gives agate its exceptional hardness, durability, and resistance to wear and tear.

Types of Agate

Agate comes in various types, each with its own unique colors and characteristics:

  • Black and Gray Agate: Elegantly displays bands of black, gray, and white, creating a sophisticated look.
  • White Agate: Features a creamy white base color with translucent layers, exuding a gentle and ethereal beauty.
  • Yellow Agate: Radiates warmth with vibrant shades of yellow, reminiscent of the sun’s golden rays.
  • Red Agate: Captivates with stunning hues of red, ranging from deep burgundy to fiery crimson.
  • Green Agate: Mesmerizes with its soothing green tones, symbolizing growth, renewal, and harmony.
  • Light Blue Agate: Conjures feelings of tranquility and serenity with its soft and serene blue color.

Agate stones are not only admired for their beauty but also believed to possess healing properties. They are thought to enhance emotional stability, promote inner strength, and foster a positive mindset.

Due to their semi-precious status, agate stones are more accessible than precious gemstones, making them a popular choice for both jewelry enthusiasts and collectors.

Jade Stone

Jade Stone

Jade is a popular and well-known Iranian stone, highly valued for its mystical healing properties. This exquisite gemstone comes in various enchanting colors, including white, green, black, purple, red, and blue.

The vibrant green variety of jade, often referred to as “green jade,” is particularly sought after by collectors and jewelry enthusiasts.

While Iran is known for its impressive gemstone collection, Myanmar serves as a significant source of jade. The stunning jade stones from Iran display a special radiance and captivating appearance that sets them apart from others.

With its vibrant colors and reputed healing properties, jade has been treasured by ancient civilizations, including the Chinese, Mayans, and Aztecs.

This gemstone is believed to possess beneficial effects on the physical, emotional, and spiritual well-being of individuals.

Whether used as an ornamental piece or in various forms of jewelry, jade continues to captivate with its timeless beauty and remarkable aura.

Healing Properties of Jade

  • Strengthening the immune system
  • Promoting emotional balance and harmony
  • Providing protection against negative energies
  • Enhancing abundance and prosperity
  • Aiding in the manifestation of desires



While not technically considered an Iranian stone, pearls are highly valued and have a significant presence in Iran.

Pearls are classified as precious gems, prized for their natural beauty and lustrous appearance. These beautiful gems are formed within bivalve shells, such as oysters and mussels, through a process known as pearl formation.

Pearl formation begins when an irritant, such as a grain of sand or a parasite, enters the bivalve shell.

In response to this foreign object, the bivalve secretes layers of calcium carbonate and conchiolin, an organic protein substance, to form a smooth, shiny substance known as nacre. Over time, as these layers accumulate, a pearl is formed.

Although pearls can be found in various parts of the world, some of the most renowned pearl-producing regions include the Persian Gulf, India, China, Japan, and Madagascar.

The Persian Gulf, in particular, is famous for its natural pearl resources, which have been harvested for centuries.

Lapis Lazuli

Lapis Lazuli

Lapis lazuli is a captivating gemstone that holds historical significance in Iran. Its use in tiling and sculpture dates back to ancient times, showcasing its enduring popularity.

This beautiful stone, with its deep blue color and characteristic golden dots, has been treasured for centuries.

The value of lapis lazuli is determined by the number and density of these golden dots, as well as the absence of white streaks.

Lapis lazuli mines are limited worldwide, but some of the best sources can be found in Badakhshan, Afghanistan, and the Hindu Kush mountain range.

This region is renowned for producing lapis lazuli of exceptional quality, with its rich blue hue and distinct golden flecks. Other regions where lapis lazuli is found include Russia, Pakistan, South America, and Iran itself.

Properties of Lapis Lazuli

The properties of lapis lazuli make it a sought-after stone in the gemstone market. Here are some notable features of this stunning gem:

  • Color: Lapis lazuli is known for its deep blue color, ranging from light to dark shades. The intensity of the blue varies depending on the quality of the stone.
  • Golden Dots: The presence of golden pyrite inclusions gives lapis lazuli its characteristic golden dots. These dots add to the stone’s allure and value.
  • Hardness: Lapis lazuli has a moderate hardness on the Mohs scale, making it suitable for use in various types of jewelry.
  • Symbolism: Lapis lazuli is often associated with wisdom, truth, and spiritual enlightenment.

Uses of Lapis Lazuli

Lapis lazuli has been highly prized for both its aesthetic beauty and symbolic meaning throughout history. Here are some common uses of lapis lazuli:

  • Jewelry: Lapis lazuli is frequently used in jewelry, including rings, necklaces, bracelets, and earrings. Its deep blue color and unique golden flecks make it a captivating gemstone for adornment.
  • Decorative Objects: Lapis lazuli has been used in decorative objects such as vases, boxes, and sculptures. Its striking appearance adds an element of luxury and elegance to any piece.
  • Historical Artifacts: Lapis lazuli has been incorporated into various historical artifacts, including ancient Egyptian jewelry, Buddhist statues, and Renaissance paintings. Its rich history and cultural significance make it a cherished gemstone in the art world.



Diamonds are one of the highly valued Iranian stones, cherished for their exceptional hardness, brilliant luster, and captivating dispersion of light.

Although Iran has potential for diamond exploration, the country did not have significant mines in ancient times.

However, diamonds are globally mined from various locations, with notable sources including Siberia, Australia, Botswana, Brazil, and India. These regions have rich diamond deposits and have contributed significantly to the global diamond industry.

In Iran, the exploration for diamonds is particularly focused on ophiolite belts, which have the potential for diamond-bearing rocks.

Ophiolite belts are geologically significant areas associated with the Earth’s mantle, where diamonds can form under high pressure and temperature conditions. Therefore, these belts serve as promising areas to seek diamond deposits within Iran.

While Iran offers the potential for future diamond mining, it is essential to acknowledge the existing diamond-rich regions globally. The following table provides a glimpse into some prominent diamond sources around the world:

CountryDiamond Sources
SiberiaYakutia, Mirny, Udachny
AustraliaArgyle, Ellendale, Kimberley
BotswanaJwaneng, Orapa, Letlhakane
BrazilMinas Gerais, Bahia, Rio Grande do Sul
IndiaGolconda, Panna, Bunder
Diamond Sources


Iran, with its vast geological diversity, is home to a remarkable variety of precious and semi-precious gemstones.

The gemstone industry in Iran has a long and illustrious history, with a reputation for producing exquisite Persian gemstones that are highly sought after by collectors and jewelry enthusiasts worldwide.

From the luminescent turquoise, favored and revered for its vibrant blue and green hues, to the captivating garnets found in the Kerman Tower Garden and the valuable pearls sourced from the Persian Gulf, Iranian stones showcase the unique beauty and quality that sets them apart.

With an abundance of gemstones such as lapis lazuli, agate, jade, and diamonds also found in Iran, the country’s gemstone industry continues to flourish.

These precious gems not only captivate with their natural allure but also hold historical and cultural significance, making them truly extraordinary.

Whether you’re a gemstone collector or a jewelry enthusiast, exploring the wide array of gemstones found in Iran is a journey that promises to delight and inspire.

The Persian gemstone industry, with its rich heritage and exceptional treasures, offers a fascinating glimpse into the world of precious stones.


What gemstones are found in Iran?

Iran is renowned for its vast array of gemstones, including garnet, turquoise, agate, jade, pearl, lapis lazuli, and diamond, among others.

Are Iranian gemstones considered precious or semi-precious?

Iran is known for both precious and semi-precious gemstones. The country boasts a rich selection of both types.

Can I find Iranian gemstones in the market?

Yes, Iranian gemstones are available in the gemstone market. Their unique beauty and quality make them sought after by collectors and jewelry enthusiasts.

Where are gemstones mined in Iran?

Gemstones are mined in various regions of Iran. For example, the Kerman Tower Garden is famous for its green garnets, while Neyshabur is renowned for producing high-quality turquoise.

Which gemstone holds historical significance in Iran?

Lapis lazuli holds historical significance in Iran and has been used in tiling and sculpture since ancient times.

Are Iranian gemstones valuable?

Yes, Iranian gemstones are highly valued for their unique beauty, quality, and historical significance.

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Tsar Imperia

Expert Crystal Researcher and alternative medicine practitioner, licensed in medical, and clinical hypnotherapy, yogic instructor, and spiritual guidance counselor for those seeking to transform and expand in consciousness. The journey begins with you : )

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