Crystal Chronicles

Gemstones Found In Cambodia

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Are you fascinated by the allure of gemstones? If so, you’ll be delighted to discover the treasure trove of natural gemstones found in Cambodia.

This Southeast Asian country is renowned for its rich mining heritage and the abundance of exquisite gemstones that it holds.

Cambodian gemstones, also known as Khmer gemstones, are highly valued for their beauty and uniqueness.

From Pailin rubies and sapphires to peridot, zircon, quartz, and topaz, Cambodia offers a diverse range of precious stones that will captivate any gemstone enthusiast.

Unlike large-scale commercial mining in other countries, Cambodia’s gemstone mining industry is primarily artisanal.

Despite this, the country boasts an impressive collection of natural gemstones that have caught the attention of collectors and jewelry enthusiasts around the globe.

Key Takeaways:

  • Cambodia is known for its rich mining heritage and the presence of various gemstones.
  • Pailin rubies and sapphires are highly valued gemstones found in Cambodia.
  • In addition to rubies and sapphires, Cambodia is home to peridot, zircon, quartz, topaz, and more.
  • Pailin and Ratanak Kiri are important regions for gemstone mining in Cambodia.
  • Cambodian gemstones can be found in shops and markets across the country, alongside imported gemstones.

Pailin Rubies and Sapphires

Pailin, an area in Cambodia, is renowned for its exquisite rubies and sapphires. These gemstones, belonging to the corundum family, are primarily found in riverbeds and banks, showcasing the natural beauty of Pailin’s geological landscape.

Pailin rubies are highly sought after both locally and internationally. Known for their deep red color and exceptional clarity, these rubies are prized for their rarity and allure.

Pailin rubies have been cherished throughout history for their captivating brilliance and are often used in the creation of exquisite jewelry pieces.

Pailin sapphires, on the other hand, offer a stunning variety of colors. Ranging from vibrant blues to pastel hues, these sapphires captivate with their mesmerizing shades.

As the second hardest natural mineral after diamonds, Pailin sapphires possess both durability and beauty.

Pailin Rubies

  • Rare and highly valued
  • Deep red color and exceptional clarity
  • Used in the creation of exquisite jewelry

Pailin Sapphires

  • Wide range of captivating colors
  • Offer vibrant blues and pastel hues
  • Durable and beautiful gemstones

Experience the exquisite craftsmanship and allure of Pailin rubies and sapphires. These precious gemstones from Cambodia’s Pailin region are a testament to the natural wonders and rich mining heritage of the country.

Other Gemstones Found in Cambodia

Gemstones Found in Cambodia

In addition to the exquisite rubies and sapphires, Cambodia is home to a wide variety of other stunning gemstones. These gemstones include peridot, zircon, quartz (including amethyst and rock crystal), topaz, obsidian, agate, garnet, and aquamarine.

Each of these gemstones possesses its own unique qualities, making them highly sought after by gemstone enthusiasts and collectors worldwide.


One of the gemstones found in Cambodia is peridot. Known for its vivid green color, peridot is found in the scenic province of Mondulkiri. With its distinctive hue, this gemstone brings a refreshing touch of nature to any jewelry collection.


Another gemstone found in Cambodia is zircon. Zircon can be found in Ratanak Kiri province and is known for its natural orange/brown color.

It can also be heat-treated to achieve different shades, including blue and colorless. It’s important to note that zircon should not be mistaken for cubic zirconia, a lab-created stone.


Cambodia is abundant in quartz gemstones, which come in various varieties and colors. Amethyst, a captivating purple quartz, can be found in Kampong Thom and Ratanakiri provinces, offering a range of lilac to deep purple hues.

Rock crystal, the colorless variety of quartz, showcases its stunning transparency. Cambodian quartz also includes citrine, smoky quartz, and lemon quartz, which add warm tones and unique beauty to the gemstone collection.


Takeo province is known for its topaz gemstones. Cambodian topaz is typically colorless or very pale blue, boasting exceptional brilliance and hardness. Its versatility makes it an ideal choice for various jewelry creations, from elegant rings to dazzling earrings.

Obsidian, Agate, Garnet, and Aquamarine

Cambodia has a treasure trove of other gemstones, including obsidian, agate, garnet, and aquamarine. Obsidian, a striking black volcanic glass, adds a touch of mystery to any collection.

Agate, with its vibrant bands and array of colors, offers a unique and eye-catching appeal. The intense red or purplish tones of garnet bring a rich and regal beauty, while aquamarine showcases a serene and calming pale blue or green hue, reminiscent of tranquil waters.

Having such a diverse array of gemstones, Cambodia truly stands out as a gem lover’s paradise.

Whether you’re captivated by the sheer brilliance of a topaz or the calming allure of an aquamarine, Cambodian gemstones offer an opportunity to appreciate the country’s rich geological heritage.

ZirconRatanak Kiri
Quartz (Amethyst)Kampong Thom, Ratanakiri
Quartz (Rock Crystal)Kampong Thom, Ratanakiri
Quartz (Citrine, Smoky Quartz, Lemon Quartz)Takeo
Gemstones Found in Cambodia

Importance of Ruby and Sapphire Mining in Pailin

Pailin gemstones

Pailin, a prominent region in Cambodia, plays a crucial role in gemstone mining, particularly for rubies and sapphires.

This area has witnessed extensive exploitation of these precious gemstones, making it a significant contributor to Cambodia’s gemstone industry.

However, the extensive mining activities in Pailin have resulted in a decrease in the recovery of large gems. Despite this, Pailin continues to hold immense importance in the field of gemstone mining in Cambodia.

GemstonesMining Areas
Rubies and sapphires

Although the availability of large gemstones may have declined, Pailin’s significance in the industry remains undeniable. The region’s rich geological resources and heritage continue to attract gemstone enthusiasts and miners alike.

Explore the captivating beauty of Pailin gemstones as we delve deeper into the diversity of Cambodia’s gemstone treasures.

Focus on Peridot

Peridot gemstone

Peridot, a bright green gemstone, is found in Mondulkiri province in Cambodia. It is considered one of the best green gemstones and is known for its vibrant color. Peridot is softer compared to rubies and sapphires but is still highly valued for its unique hue.

Peridot, also known as the “evening emerald,” is a gemstone that captures the essence of nature’s green beauty. Its mesmerizing color ranges from yellow-green to olive-green, with some stones exhibiting a hint of brown.

This gemstone is formed deep within the Earth’s mantle and brought to the surface through volcanic activity.

Mondulkiri province, located in eastern Cambodia, is home to several peridot mines. The region’s geological conditions, characterized by volcanic activity and migrant gem-rich fluids, contribute to the formation of peridot deposits.

The mining process involves extracting the peridot-bearing rocks from the earth and carefully separating the gemstones from the surrounding material.

Peridot’s vibrant green color makes it a popular choice for jewelry, including rings, earrings, necklaces, and bracelets. Its unique hue adds a touch of natural beauty to any outfit.

Peridot is believed to have healing properties and is associated with positive energy, growth, and abundance.

Properties of Peridot:

  • Color: Bright green to olive-green
  • Hardness: 6.5 to 7 on the Mohs scale
  • Transparency: Transparent to translucent
  • Luster: Vitreous
  • Origin: Mondulkiri province, Cambodia

Peridot’s affordability, combined with its captivating color, makes it an excellent alternative to more expensive green gemstones like emeralds.

Whether you’re a gemstone enthusiast, a collector, or someone looking for a unique piece of jewelry, peridot from Mondulkiri province is a captivating choice.

Zircon Mining in Ratanak Kiri

Zircon mining in Ratanak Kiri

Ratanak Kiri province in Cambodia is renowned for its zircon mining operations. Zircon stones, naturally occurring in orange-brown hues, can be heat-treated to achieve various shades, including blue and colorless.

It is crucial to differentiate zircon from cubic zirconia, a synthetic stone.

To understand the significance of zircon mining in Ratanak Kiri, let’s take a closer look at the fascinating properties and uses of this unique gemstone:

Properties and Uses of Zircon

Chemical FormulaZrSiO4
ColorNaturally orange/brown; heat-treated varieties include blue, colorless, and others
Hardness6.5 – 7.5 on the Mohs scale
LusterAdamantine to vitreous
TransparencyTransparent to opaque
Primary UsesJewelry, decorative objects, industrial applications
Properties and Uses of Zircon
  • Zircon is commonly used in jewelry as a gemstone.
  • Its high refractive index and brilliance make it an attractive option for faceting into various shapes and cuts.
  • Zircon is also used in decorative objects such as beads and pendants.
  • In industrial applications, zircon is used as a refractory material, in ceramics, and as a synthetic substitute for diamonds.

With its unique color and versatile properties, zircon adds a touch of elegance to jewelry pieces and contributes to various industrial applications.

Quartz and Its Varieties

Quartz and Its Varieties

Quartz is a versatile gemstone found in Cambodia, with various varieties and colors. Let’s explore some of the stunning quartz varieties found in the country:


Amethyst, a purple quartz variety, is found in Kampong Thom and Ratanakiri provinces. It ranges in color from delicate lilac to deep purple, and its mesmerizing hues make it a popular choice for jewelry and decorative pieces. The deep purple amethyst from Cambodia is truly captivating.

Rock Crystal

Rock crystal is a colorless variety of quartz. Its transparent and glass-like appearance allows light to pass through effortlessly, creating a radiant effect. With its clear beauty, rock crystal is often used in jewelry and as a substitute for diamonds in various settings.


Citrine is another quartz variety found in Cambodia. It can range in color from pale yellow to deep orange, resembling the warmth of autumn. This vibrant gemstone adds a pop of color to any piece of jewelry and is said to carry the energy of positivity and joy.

Smoky Quartz and Lemon Quartz

Takeo province in Cambodia is home to smoky quartz and lemon quartz. Smoky quartz displays a beautiful greenish-yellow color, reminiscent of nature and earthy tones.

Lemon quartz, on the other hand, boasts a striking greenish-yellow hue akin to the vibrant freshness of a lemon. Both varieties add a unique touch to jewelry and can be admired for their natural charm.

Now, let’s take a closer look at these quartz varieties in the table below:

Quartz VarietyColorProvince
AmethystPurple (lilac to deep purple)Kampong Thom and Ratanakiri
Rock CrystalColorless
CitrinePale yellow to deep orange
Smoky QuartzGreenish-yellowTakeo
Lemon QuartzGreenish-yellowTakeo
Quartz and Its Varieties

Topaz in Takeo Province

Topaz in Takeo province

Takeo province in Cambodia is renowned for its exquisite topaz gemstones. Topaz in Takeo province is typically colorless or very pale blue, exhibiting a captivating sparkle that adds allure to any jewelry piece.

Topaz is recognized for its remarkable hardness, making it a durable gemstone suitable for various jewelry designs. From delicate rings to breathtaking pendants, topaz jewelry from Takeo province showcases the beauty and elegance of this sought-after gem.

The mesmerizing allure of Takeo province’s topaz gemstones makes them a favorite among both locals and international gemstone enthusiasts. Their transparent and delicate hues add a touch of sophistication and charm to any jewelry collection.

Topaz in Takeo ProvinceCharacteristics
ColorColorless or very pale blue
SparkleHighly sparkling
HardnessDurable and hard
Jewelry SuitabilitySuitable for various jewelry designs
Topaz in Takeo Province

Takeo province’s topaz gemstones are highly valued for their exceptional quality and unique characteristics. Whether you’re a gemstone collector or looking to add a touch of elegance to your jewelry collection, the topaz from Takeo province is sure to captivate you with its enchanting beauty.

Other Gemstones of Cambodia

Gemstones found in Cambodia

In addition to the previously mentioned gemstones, Cambodia is also known for obsidian, agate, garnet, and aquamarine. Obsidian is a black volcanic glass that has been used for centuries in jewelry and ornamental objects.

Agate, on the other hand, comes in various colors and bands, making it a versatile gemstone for crafting unique pieces. Garnets, which can be red or purplish in color, are highly prized for their deep hues and brilliance.

Lastly, aquamarine is a pale blue or green gemstone that is reminiscent of the sparkling waters of the sea.

To give you a visual representation of these gemstones, take a look at the image below:

As you can see, the image showcases the diverse range of gemstones found in Cambodia, including obsidian, agate, garnet, and aquamarine. These gemstones add a touch of natural beauty and elegance to any jewelry collection.

Availability of Cambodian Gemstones

Availability of Cambodian gemstones

Cambodia is known for its abundant variety of gemstones, which can be found in numerous shops and markets across the country. Whether you are a local resident or a visitor, you can explore the vibrant world of Cambodian gemstones right at your fingertips.

However, in addition to the locally sourced gemstones, there is also a significant presence of imported gemstones available in Cambodia.

These imported gemstones offer a wider range of options, allowing for unique and diverse choices for gemstone enthusiasts and collectors.

It is important to note that alongside natural gemstones, there are also artificial and synthetic gemstones present in the market. These man-made alternatives provide a more affordable option without compromising on the beauty and appeal of the gemstones.

While Cambodia boasts an impressive array of gemstones, it’s worth mentioning that emeralds and diamonds are not found within the country. If you have a particular interest in these gemstones, you may need to explore other sources.

Rubies and SapphiresAbundant
PeridotReadily available
QuartzWidely accessible
TopazEasily obtainable
GarnetReadily found
Gemstone’s Availability

Explore the vast selection of Cambodian gemstones and discover the perfect piece to add to your collection. With the availability of both local and imported gemstones, you have endless possibilities to embrace the beauty of these exquisite creations.


Cambodia is a treasure trove of gemstones, boasting a rich history of mining and a wide variety of precious stones. Whether you’re a gemstone enthusiast or a collector, this country offers a diverse range of gemstones to captivate your interest.

From the renowned Pailin rubies and sapphires to the vibrant peridot, enchanting zircon, and mesmerizing quartz varieties like amethyst and rock crystal, Cambodia’s gemstone selection is truly remarkable. Topaz from Takeo province also shines with its sparkling beauty.

These Cambodian gemstones, sourced both locally and imported, present a unique opportunity to appreciate the natural beauty of the country’s geological heritage.

Whether you’re searching for a standout piece of jewelry or adding to your gemstone collection, the gemstones found in Cambodia are sure to impress.


What are the gemstones found in Cambodia?

The gemstones found in Cambodia include rubies, sapphires, peridot, zircon, quartz (including amethyst and rock crystal), topaz, obsidian, agate, garnet, and aquamarine.

Where are rubies and sapphires found in Cambodia?

Rubies and sapphires are primarily found in Pailin, a region in Cambodia known for its high-quality gemstones.

What are the characteristics of peridot?

Peridot is a bright green gemstone found in Mondulkiri province in Cambodia. It is known for its vibrant color and is considered one of the best green gems.

Where is zircon mining carried out in Cambodia?

Zircon mining is carried out in Ratanak Kiri province in Cambodia.

What are the different varieties of quartz found in Cambodia?

Quartz found in Cambodia includes amethyst, rock crystal, citrine, smoky quartz, and lemon quartz.

Where can topaz gemstones be found in Cambodia?

Topaz gemstones can be found in Takeo province in Cambodia.

What other gemstones are found in Cambodia?

Apart from rubies, sapphires, peridot, zircon, quartz, and topaz, Cambodia is also known for obsidian, agate, garnet, and aquamarine.

Are Cambodian gemstones easily available?

Cambodian gemstones can be found in shops and markets across the country. However, there is also a significant quantity of imported gemstones available for sale in Cambodia.

Are emeralds and diamonds found in Cambodia?

No, emeralds and diamonds are not found in Cambodia.

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Tsar Imperia

Expert Crystal Researcher and alternative medicine practitioner, licensed in medical, and clinical hypnotherapy, yogic instructor, and spiritual guidance counselor for those seeking to transform and expand in consciousness. The journey begins with you : )

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